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Teknik Memancing

Written By Tegarfishing Club on Friday, September 4, 2009 | 15:25

Teknik memancing di semua perairan

Casting (teknik mengilat) adalah satu kaedah memancing dengan membuat lontaran umpan atau gewang ke sasaran kemudian mengarau kembali tanpa perlu menunggu umpan jatuh ke dasar atau diragut ikan.
Umpan yang digunakan untuk mengilat adalah seperti ikan, udang dan jenis serangga/haiwan. Umpan tiruan adalah replika gewang dan sesudu (spoon).
Ikan biasanya menerkam umpan atau gewang yang dilontar ketika proses mengarau. Teknik ini sesuai untuk aktiviti siang hari atau di kawasan terang. Jika mengilat sebelah malam, gunakan replika lut sinar.

Popping – Teknik ini lebih mirip seperti casting. Bezanya ialah penggunaan replika umpan tiruan yang berbeza. Teknik ini menggunakan ‘popper’ yang pelbagai bentuk dan jenis. Popper akan menghasilkan bunyi ‘poop’ ketika proses mengarau selepas lontaran.
Karauan untuk aktiviti popping lebih pantas berbanding casting supaya popper yang dikarau akan melanggar ombak/ permukaan air lalu mengeluarkan bunyi. Bunyi yang dihasilkan ini pula akan menarik perhatian ikan yang berkeliaran di kawasan berhampiran. Teknik ini boleh dilakukan siang atau malam.
Teknik ini banyak meniru pergerakan ikan terbang di permukaan air.

Jigging – Teknik ini mengilat secara mengujun (henjut) menggunakan umpan tiruan yang di panggil ‘jig’. Jig biasanya diperbuat daripada kepingan timah/objek berat kemudian dibentuk seperti ikan dan dicat dengan warna garang dan terang yang luminous atau lutsinar.
Teknik ini memerlukan ketekunan dan stamina tinggi kerana pemancing perlu beraksi sepanjang masa bagi mengunjun jig supaya ia menjadi efektif. Jig akan dihulurkan ke dasar kemudian dikarau kembali dengan kepantasan yang tinggi sambil mengujun joran berselang seli ketika proses karauan laju. Teknik yang menjadi kegilaan masa kini boleh dilakukan sama ada siang dan malam.

Bottom fishing – (pancing dasar) berkait rapat dengan teknik memancing menggunakan umpan dengan kaedah tradisional. Umpan perlu dilabuhkan ke dasar dengan sasaran tertumpu kepada spesies ikan dasar. Boleh dipraktikkan di kolam, sungai, tasik dan laut mengikut keadaan semasa. Sesuai dilakukan siang dan malam.

Drifting – (menghanyut) umpan terutama umpan hidup. Ia perlu dilepaskan ke sasaran tanpa menggunakan ladung. Pelampung dan belon sering digunakan. Ia sesuai di perairan yang berarus sederhana dan berangin. Boleh dilakukan siang dan malam.

Trolling – (menunda) umpan ikan, sotong mahupun gewang. Tundaan ini pada kelajuan perlahan antara 5 hingga 10 batu nautika sejam bergantung kepada jenis gewang yang digunakan. Perlu diketahui, ada gewang yang tidak boleh beraksi pada kelajuan tinggi dan sebaliknya. Lebih popular dilakukan siang hari.

Fly Fishing

Fly fishing is a distinct and ancient angling method, most renowned as a method for catching trout and salmon, but employed today for a wide variety of species including pike, bass, panfish, and carp, as well as marine species, such as redfish, snook, tarpon, bonefish and striped bass. There are many reports of fly fisherman taking quite unintended species such as chub, bream and rudd while fishing for ‘main target’ species such as trout. There is a growing population of anglers whose aim is to catch as many different species as possible with the fly.

In fly fishing, fish are caught by using artificial flies that are cast with a fly rod and a fly line. The fly line (today, almost always coated with plastic) is heavy enough cast in order to send the fly to the target. Artificial flies can vary dramatically in all morphological characteristics (size, weight, colour, etc.).

Artificial flies are created by tying hair, fur, feathers, or other materials, both natural and synthetic, onto a hook with thread. The first flies were tied with natural materials, but synthetic materials are now extremely popular and prevalent. The flies are tied in sizes, colours and patterns to match local terrestrial and aquatic insects, baitfish, or other prey attractive to the target fish species.

Unlike other casting methods, fly fishing can be thought of as a method of casting line rather than lure. Non-flyfishing methods rely on a lure’s weight to pull line from the reel during the forward motion of a cast. By design, a fly is too light to be cast, and thus simply follows the unfurling of a properly casted fly line, which is heavier and more castable than lines used in other types of fishing. The angler normally holds the flyrod in the dominant hand and manipulates the line with the other close to the reel, pulling line out in small increments as the energy in the line, generated from backward and forward motions, increases. The mechanics of proper rod movement are commonly described as “10 to 2″, meaning that the rod’s movement on the forward cast is arrested at the 10 o’clock position (12 o’clock is rod straight up, 9 o’clock flat forward, 3 o’clock flat backwards) and the backcast at 2 o’clock. In proper casting, loops of line unfurl completely before the angler throws his rod in opposite direction. The effect resembles sending a wave along a garden hose to remove a kink. Newer casting techniques promote minimal wrist movement, a very open stance and movement of the arm parallel to the ground, discouraging the rigid boundaries of the 10 to 2 technique. Proper casting, regardless of technique, requires pauses in both directions (forward and backward) to allow the entirety of the line to unfurl parallel to the water’s surface. As additional line length is desired for farther casts, the angler allows momentum generated by the forward and backcasting to carry slack line previously pulled free from the reel to glide forward through the non-dominant hand. Flyline speed and orientation in three-dimensional space, in both the forward and back cast, yield a tighter or looser unfurling of the “loop” of line. As rhythm and line control improve, longer and more accurate casts can be achieved. Poor casts typically lead to tangled lines that pile up on the water’s surface in front of the angler as he attempts to allow the fly come to rest.

In broadest terms, flies are categorized as either imitative or attractive. Imitative flies resemble a natural food items. Attractive flies trigger instinctive strikes by employing a range of characteristics that do not necessarily mimic prey items. Flies can be fished floating on the surface (dry flies), partially submerged (emergers), or below the surface (nymphs, streamers, and wet flies.) A dry fly is typically thought to represent an insect landing on, or emerging from, the water’s surface as might a grasshopper, dragonfly, mayfly, stonefly or caddisfly. Other surface flies include poppers and hair bugs that might resemble mice, frogs, etc. Sub-surface flies are designed to resemble a wide variety of prey including aquatic insect larvae, nymphs and pupae, baitfish, crayfish, leeches, worms, etc. Wet flies, known as streamers, are generally thought to imitate minnows or leeches.

Live Prawns

To attach live prawns, carefully pass the hooks point under the first shell section after the tail. Do not attempt to go for more as the prawn will die. Live prawns are gulfed down by all fish and your hook will take.If your fortunate enough to be able to gather live prawns, your fishing experience is sure to be successful.

They make an excellent bait for virtually every estuary species and many ocean going species too.You'll need a good aerator and continual water changes to keep them alive. If they die, freeze them immediately, however, once thawed, they do not re freeze well.Dead prawns are simply attached by threading the hook up through the body from tail to head.

Shore Fishing Safety

If you are fishing it is probably already well aware of the risks associated with the sport. If you are not familiar with the fishing may be a good idea to learn safety, which is related to it.

If you already know, there is no damage to the advice to read and refresh your memory.

Being aware of

The first thing you must learn to be aware of what is around. Accidents usually happen when someone attempts since stopped paying attention to what happens. With lines, lures, rods and flies over the place where you need to know what is happening at any time.

If you cast your line, see if there is someone behind their own line, or a fire. So you can avoid accidents. I have a very bad incidents involving fishermen are trying to lure the lip, and it is not to be good.

There is also a good idea to look at what everyone does so well. Most of the accidents are caused by others, who do not belong, but if you can help reduce these risks and accidents.

Watch your children

Another thing you can do is to look at their children and pay attention to what they do. Young people are usually prone to the accident, that you should keep an eye on them.

Regardless of how you cast your line and reel
to tell them the basic safety rules and guidelines.
If you try to implement some of these fishing safety tips may help reduce the accidents that occur lake.

Even if someone happens to trouble or pain to be sure, in order to help them out. Thus, we can help and good karma, which continue to go around. Be nice and attentive, and engaged in other fisheries.

How To Keep Your Gear InWorking Order

Tackle is expensive and in salt water it can really take a beating. Here's some simple steps toward saving that tackle.

Difficulty: Easy

Time Required: 30 minutes

Here's How:

1. When you return from a fishing outing wash your rods and reels immediately.
2. Use soapy water and a soft brush. Water from a hose will not break up dried salt. Soap and a brush is the only way.
3. Use the brush and soapy water on all reels and rods. Make sure to get every eye on all the rods.
4. Take every lure and hook that you used and wash them in the soapy water. This prevents the hooks from rusting.
5. The same goes for any tools. Wash pliers, cutters and knives in the soapy water.
6. Make sure everything has dried before you store your tackle. Turn all rods and reels upside down to allow any standing water to drain.
7. A small rag very lightly coated with a good reel oil should be used to wipe everything down after drying.
8. Follow the manufacturer's instruction on reel lubrication. Remember, if you think you are using too much oil, you very probably are. A little goes a long way.


1. If you use too much oil in a reel, the oil will ooze and seep on the next trip. You will find your hands coated, and fish do not like the scent of oil!
2. Have a place to hang drying rods and reels upside down so the water will drain.
3. Always store rods vertically either hanging or free standing - never leaning.

Calculating Fish Weight

Practice Catch and Release

Have you ever wondered how much the one that got away weighed? While the one that got away will always be fertile fodder for tall tales, now you can accurately estimate the weight of the ones that you let get away. By gently taking some simple measurements of the fish before it is released and employing the formula below, you can know exactly how much the fish weighed. Any further exaggeration is purely discretionary.

The Formula:

((Girth x Girth) x Length) / 800 = weight in pounds

(girth and length are inches)


If the fish’s girth is 15 inches and its length is 29 inches, the formula would be used as follows:

15 x 15 x 29, divided by 800 = 8.16 pounds

Then the ".16" or "16/100" is converted to ounces (multiply by 16)

.16 x 16 = 2.56 or 3 ounces

so this fish is 8 pounds 3 ounces

How Keep Life Bait


This simplified guide is intended to teach the fundamentals of the proper aeration techniques in keeping live bait, and "catch & release" fish, alive and healthy in live wells.
The advantages as well as disadvantages of many types of aeration will be discussed.

Understanding the Concept of Aeration

There are many misconceived ideas about aeration.
Two common fallacies are:

Large live wells are required to sustain a large quantity of fish.
Large live well pumps are needed to move large quantities of water through the live well to keep live bait and fish alive.
To understand what is really needed in proper aeration, it is best to take a look at ourselves.


-If we were enclosed in a large airtight room we would be able to breathe for many hours before we would consume all the oxygen.
-If we were in an airtight closet, the oxygen would be consumed a lot quicker.
-If we were swimming underwater without a snorkel, the oxygen in our lungs would be gone very quickly.
-In all cases, without additional oxygen we would expire!
However, we could stay alive indefinitely, if we could use a breathing tube or snorkel that was in contact with outside fresh air or oxygen. It would not matter about the size of the container that enclosed us.
An aerator is to a fish, what a snorkel is to us!

Size of Aerators and Snorkels


-It is more difficult to breathe through a straw than through a large snorkel.
-A small or ineffective aerator cannot provide as much oxygen in the water as a larger or more effective one.
-If an aerator can provide enough oxygen in the water for the fish to breathe, it doesn't matter how much water surrounds the fish! The only reason that water must be changed occasionally in live wells is to remove ammonia caused by fish poop!

Basic Requirements of Aeration

There are two major considerations in aeration:

1-The gentleness and direction of water flow
2-The size and amount of the air bubbles

Gentleness and direction of Water Flow

Delicate bait such as shad, greenbacks, and white bait will not survive a day of fishing unless the water flow in the livewell is soft and gentle. Turbulent water will damage the bait and force them to work against the current.
Ideal water flow within a live well should be approximately 1 to 2 MPH. And in a circular motion. This will allow fish to school and provide a smooth flow of water over and through their gills. If the water flow is excessive, bait will tire quickly and will not be lively.

Size and Amount of Air Bubbles

Take a look at the air bubbles produced by an aquarium aerator. Watch how quickly the bubbles rise to the surface. They provide little aeration, but are aesthetically pleasing to watch. Bubbles must remain contacting the water, if they are to do the job properly. A good rule of thumb is: The smaller the bubble, the longer it will remain suspended in water to dissolve.

A Lesson in Air Bubbles

The smaller the air bubble, the more slowly it will rise, giving it more time to dissolve in the water.
Due to the higher density of salt water, air bubbles are usually smaller in salt water than in fresh water.

A large 20mm bubble has a volume of 4.19 cm3, and a surface area of 12.6 cm2.

You could make 260 small 3mm bubbles from the large bubble. They would have a total surface area of 83.6 cm2. This is 6.6 times the surface of the 20mm bubble.

The small bubbles, can theoretically aerate 6.6 times as much water with the same amount of air.

Knowing the importance of air bubble size, the effectiveness of different aerator systems becomes readily apparent!


Livewells come in many shapes and sizes. Oval or round tanks provide the best circulation. However, rectangular or square wells are satisfactory if there is a directional discharge into the well. The directional discharge will induce the more desirable circular motion.
Spray Bar Aerators
Spray bar aerators add oxygen to the water by jetting small streams of water into the surface. Some air is absorbed into the spray as it passes from the spray bar to the water surface, and when the spray strikes the water surface, air bubbles are injected into the water. For the most part, these bubbles are rather large.
Jets of water from spray bars are generally harsh to delicate bait. Their protective coating and scales are easily removed, and their survival is drastically reduced.

Spray bars are an inefficient aeration system, and should be used only on the hardiest bait.

Air Stone Aerators

Air stone aerators are an inexpensive way to keep bait alive in small containers. They are quiet and gentle, but because their bubbles are typically larger, they need a greater amount of bubbles for a large amount of bait.
Air stone aerators do provide gentle aeration, but they sustain less bait per unit of air than aerators that produce smaller bubbles.

Venturi Aerators

This is the much copied, old aeration technology. They can be purchased as a floating aerator or a bottom aerator with suction cups.
The fast-moving water at the output of the pump creates a vacuum, which suck air into the pump output. This system typically provides larger amounts of smaller air bubbles than previously discussed aerators.

Some models damage bait due to the high speed of water from the pump output.

Thru-Hull Pumps

Thru-hull pumps provide a constant flow of new water into the livewell and eliminate the problems of heat and ammonia build-up. As long as clean water is available, more bait can be placed in a given amount of water than with any of the previously discussed systems. However, when entering water that is less than ideal for delicate bait, care must be taken to secure the intake water. By utilizing a combination of the thru-hull pump with other aeration methods, bait can remain healthy and lively for longer periods of time.

Deep Sea Fishing

For a lot of people, mysterious is something deep sea fishing and exotic. Something rich sportsman doing of deck for their yacht. But, in fact, unique sports can be enjoyed by just of anyone.

When you go deep-sea fishing, or sports fishing, goal is to catch biggest fish may be. But you cannot do this only wherever. You have to go out for open ocean, where you most likely to seek out large sea fish similar swordfish, tuna and shark. And, but you having your boat is own, this will usually require you to charter a boat to take you far from land to teach waters waters fishery.

But this not as hard as it may be sounding. New only go to any near, coastal town. More likely of not, you will find a charter service which specialises take same people such as you out of deep-sea fishing delegation. And these services may be cost many less than you would think.

For some people, this may look like many troubles to go for in order to catch a fish. But anyone who have made it will tell you it like no they have been ever experienced before. There no quite like adrenalin sound of wind link one of the large fish. Struggle to reel it in is one exhilarating challenge. And the victory sense and your achievement feel when fish was caught is indescribable.

And the impressive thing are those these feelings never fade. You will feel same enthusiasm catch you fish fiftieth as you doing catch you first. Which is probably why, after go away playing fishing for the first time, many people are hooked.

And what do you do once you have made catch? Good, first, you take a picture beside your prize, so you will be permanently have one memory exciting time. Then, if your really like fish, you can take your catch house, and had enough to feed your area for one week or two. However, enthusiasts fishing many sea let fish go. For them, their enthusiasm felt when they catch fish that was reward enough.

Do you want a fun and unique experience? An experience namely as exciting as it are challenging? Then you should definitely give deep-sea fishing an attempt.

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